The Difference Between CBD and THC
The Difference between CBD and THC
As more states legalize the use of marijuana, the acceptance of CBD oil keeps growing, so much that it is estimated that by 2022, the Hemp-CBD market could hit $22 billion.
As the legal use of cannabis products gains more ground, there is an increased curiosity among consumers as to what to use and what not to. Since the options are so numerous, everyone wants to make the best choice for themselves.
Among these options are Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), these are two natural components of the cannabis Sativa plant which is commonly known as Cannabis.
Both these substances affect the cannabinoid receptors found in both the human brain and body. While they both stimulate the CB1 receptor in the brain, their effects are far different from each other.
The CBD substance is extracted from hemp plants or Marijuana. Hemp plants are cannabis plants which contain less THC (specifically less than 0.3% THC). While marijuana plants on the other hand have more THC concentration. Subsequently, CBD gives you all the benefits of Cannabis but does not get you high, as THC rich Marijuana would. This is because the THC substance is the main psychoactive compound which gets one high.
The THC substance can be consumed when you smoke marijuana, or use tinctures, capsules, oils, or edibles with high THC content. CBD, however, is sold in the form of oils, extracts, gummies, gels, supplements, etc. and gives you the benefits of cannabis without the “high-sensation” associated with THC.
Uses of Cannabidiol (CBD)
- Use of Cannabidiol can relieve pain
Dating all the way back to 2900 BC, marijuana was already being used for the treatment of pain. Recently, studies have shown that some components of marijuana, which includes CBD, are capable of analgesic effects and can help relieve pain.
Humans have a body that contains a specialized system, known as the endocannabinoid system (or ECS), and this is involved in the regulation of several functions, like sleep, pain, appetite, and the response of the immune system to changes.
These endocannabinoids are produced in the body and are neurotransmitters which bind the cannabinoid receptors of the nervous system.
Studies have therefore proven that CBD can relieve chronic pain by affecting the endocannabinoid receptor activity, thereby reducing inflammation as well as interacting with the neurotransmitters
- It can reduce depression and anxiety
Depression and anxiety are both common disorders of our mental health which can both have devastating effects on human health.
According to reports from the World Health Organization, the number one contributor to disability around the world is depression, with anxiety disorders ranking sixth.
Usually, anxiety and depression are both treated with medications that can lead to a range of side effects including restlessness, drowsiness, sexual dysfunction, insomnia, and headaches. On top of the negative side effects, drugs such as benzodiazepines can be addictive and may even lead to drug abuse.
Cannabidiol has, however, shown promise to be a viable treatment for depression and anxiety, which has led many people with these disorders to take an interest in this approach, which is natural. CBD is also non habit forming.
- Cannabidiol can help relieve cancer symptoms
Cannabidiol may help in reducing cancer-related symptoms and as well as the side effects associated with the treatment of cancer, these include side effects like vomiting, nausea, and pain.
One study examined the effects of CBD and THC on about 177 patients who had cancer-related pain but was not helped with their pain relief medications.
Those who were treated with extracts containing both CBD and THC compounds showed a significant reduction in the pain felt as compared to those receiving only THC extracts.
Cannabidiol can also help relieve nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. These are among the most prevalent side effects of chemotherapy in cancer patients.
- CBD helps to reduce acne
Acne is one of the common skin challenges people have, and it affects about 9% of the population. This is thought to be due to some factors, such as genetics, underlying inflammation, bacteria, and overproduction of sebum, which is an oily secretion produced by the sebaceous glands of the skin.
According to recent scientific studies, cannabidiol has the potential to help cure acne because of its anti-inflammatory quality, and its ability to reduce the production of sebum.
- Cannabidiol could have neuroprotective properties
Researchers believe CBD may be beneficial for people with neurological disorders due to its being able to act on the endocannabinoid system and the other brain signal systems.
Indeed, treatments of neurological disorders are one of the most important studies of the uses of CBD. It is believed to help disorders such as multiple sclerosis and epilepsy. Although research in this field is quite new, some studies have shown positive results.
Why doesn’t CBD get you high while THC does?
The difference in both lies in the point or centers they react with. It is quite important to know that THC interacts with certain parts of your body which gets you high, while CBD tends to interact with the other parts of your body that reduce inflammation.
Researchers have been able to identify two human body receptors responsible for cannabis interaction with the body, they are the CB1 and CB2. The CB1 and CB2 receptors form a part of the endocannabinoid system that controls the secretion of hormones that influences appetite, energy, and mood.
How to get CBD?
If you live in one of the states where recreational marijuana is legal, then you can enjoy your CBD products in different ways. It is up to you to choose which of the numerous options fits your needs best, and what dose of CBD you should use. It may be best to start with a low dosage and move up from there if need be.
You can enjoy cannabidiol through tinctures. These are herbal extracts which are made by the infusion of plants in other essential oils. It is possible to consume this through a dropper under the tongue. Just ensure the liquid is not swished around your mouth, but absorbed, because it may impact the effect the CBD has on your body.
Vaping is one other way to enjoy your CBD, but ensure you’re not irritating your lungs with cheap carrier liquids. And check that the ingredients are not the same as nicotine vapes. You can also enjoy CBD through your skin with topical lotions or through adhesive patches. There are also many edibles like the CBD gummies and carrier oils like coconut oil, hemp seed oil, etc. containing Cannabidiol or CBD oils.